Journal of hydrology vol:311 issue:1-4 pages:172-187
The Ethiopian Highlands are subjected to important land degradation. Though spatial variability of rain depth is important, even at the catchment scale, this variability has never been studied. In addition, little is known on rain erosivity for this part of the world. The objectives of this study are (a) to assess the spatial variation of rain in a 80 km(2) mountain area (2100-2800 m a.s.l.) in the Northern Tigray region, and how this variation is influenced by topography, geographical position and lithology, (b) to analyse the temporal variations and (c) to quantify rain erosivity and the different factors determining it, such as rain intensity, drop size and kinetic energy.