Land degradation & development vol:17 issue:2 pages:211-230
In Tigray (Northern Ethiopia, significant achievements were made, mainly from 1994 to 2002, on the development of agriculture through irrigation by employing seasonally harvested runoff using earth dams. However, most of the implemented schemes are not serving the intended purpose well because of constraints associated with both pre- and post-implementation. Sediment deposition in reservoirs is a serious off-site consequence of soil erosion in the region. However, the extent of the problem is not well studied. Moreover, there are no sufficient and reliable sediment-yield data for Northern Ethiopia, which are important for designing new reservoirs and for implementing soil conservation practices. This study addresses those problems by undertaking: (1) a survey and evaluation of the general characteristics and problems of 54 recently built reservoirs and the characteristics of their respective catchments; and (2) a detailed sediment survey in ten reservoirs and related catchment characteristics. A field survey in 2002-2003, a review of technical reports and interviews were the bases for this study.