European journal of soil science vol:54 issue:1 pages:63-76
Tillage redistributes soil and contributes significantly to the within-field soil variation, especially on topographically complex terrain. Although the basic principles of the redistribution are well understood, models for simulating the redistribution are poor predictors. This paper presents a modelling structure that allows a simulation of the redistribution of soil constituents on complex topographies for various tillage implements. The model simulates the redistribution of soil constituents by convoluting the probability distribution of the tillage displacement with the spatial distribution of the soil constituents. The probability distributions in two dimensions are derived from a series of tillage experiments conducted with a mouldboard plough at various positions in the landscape. Furthermore, the effects of topography and tillage direction on the probability distributions were characterized and implemented in the model. A first application showed that the direction of tillage significantly affects the long-term redistribution of soil constituents. The inclusion of other implements in the model was explored, and we found that data in the literature could be used for simulating the long-term effects of tillage.