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Title: Peripheral blood lymphocyte subset shifts in patients with untreated hematological tumors: evidence for systemic activation of the T cell compartment
Authors: Van den Hove, L E ×
Vandenberghe, Peter
Van Gool, Stefaan
Ceuppens, Jan
Demuynck, Hilde
Verhoef, Gregor
Boogaerts, Marc #
Issue Date: Jun-1998
Series Title: Leukemia research. vol:22 issue:2 pages:175-84
Abstract: Flow cytometry immunophenotyping of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and multivariate data-analytical techniques revealed that among untreated hemato-oncological patients (n = 48) with lymphomas, acute and chronic myeloid and lymphocytic leukemias, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, and multiple myeloma, 42% had (nonmalignant) lymphocyte profiles clearly distinct from healthy donors. Notably, a similar pattern of increased CD3+ CD57+, CD3+ HLA-DR+, CD3+ CD(16 + 56)+, CD4- CD8+, CD8+ CD57+, CD8+ CD28-, and CD8+ CD62L- subsets was detected. More extensive three-color immunophenotyping on an additional group of 49 untreated patients revealed that both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells displayed significant increases of activation markers: CD69, CD(16 + 56), HLA-DR, CD71, and CD57, and a loss of CD62L and CD28, which is also interpreted as a sign of activation. Consistent with the phenotypical signs of in vivo immune activation, polyclonal cytolytic activity, measured ex vivo in an anti-CD3-redirected assay, was detected within immunomagnetically purified CD4+ T cells of three out of six B-CLL patients investigated, but not within purified CD4+ T cells of five healthy donors. The purified CD8+ T cells of patients (n = 28) and donors (n = 5) on the other hand displayed similar polyclonal cytotoxic activities at the various effector:target ratios investigated. Tumor-directed cytotoxic activity of purified CD4+ (n = 6) and/or CD8+ T cells (n = 15) against freshly isolated autologous tumor cells was not detected in any of the experiments. Collectively, our results demonstrate systemic T cell activation as a common feature in hematological neoplasia, and a markedly enhanced cytolytic activity of the CD4- subset in CLL patients. The reason(s) for this expansion of activated T cells and its pathophysiologic significance, however, remain unclear.
ISSN: 0145-2126
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Laboratory of Clinical Immunology
Pediatric Hematology & Oncology Section (-)
Hematology Section (-)
Laboratory of Pediatric Immunology
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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