Built from 1546 to 1549 by the architect-sculptor Jacques Du Broeucq, Mariemont (Hainaut, Belgium) was an original creation, which carried the personal stamp of its patron Mary of Hungary, regent of the Low Countries. Originally conceived as a hunting lodge only, it soon came to symbolize Mary's patronage of the arts; thus its destruction by the French in 1554 had strong propaganda value both on the Habsburg and the Valois sides. The main building took the form of a rusticated cube, placed in the exact centre of a square, artificial pond. Its richly decorated, flat roof offered a marvelous view of the terraced gardens and the private hunting park surrounding it. Seen from afar, its fanciful chimneys and balustrade must have recalled not only an Italian villa, but also the fairy-tale castle surrounded by water of chivalric romances, like the palace of Apolidon in the popular Amadis de Gaule. It is the only Netherlandish equivalent albeit on a reduced scale - of Francis I's compact hunting castles such as Challuau.