Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:278 issue:28 pages:26135-45
deltaEF1 and SIP1 (or Zfhx1a and Zfhx1b, respectively) are the only known members of the vertebrate Zfh1 family of homeodomain/zinc finger-containing proteins. Similar to other transcription factors, both Smad-interacting protein-1 (SIP1) and deltaEF1 are capable of repressing E-cadherin transcription through binding to the E2 boxes located in its promoter. In the case of deltaEF1, this repression has been proposed to occur via interaction with the corepressor C-terminal binding protein (CtBP). In this study, we show by coimmunoprecipitation that SIP1 and CtBP interact in vivo and that an isolated CtBP-binding SIP1 fragment depends on CtBP for transcriptional repression. However, and most importantly, full-length SIP1 and deltaEF1 proteins do not depend on their interaction with CtBP to repress transcription from the E-cadherin promoter. Furthermore, in E-cadherin-positive kidney epithelial cells, the conditional synthesis of mutant SIP1 that cannot bind to CtBP abrogates endogenous E-cadherin expression in a similar way as wild-type SIP1. Our results indicate that full-length SIP1 can repress E-cadherin in a CtBP-independent manner.