The validation of the finite difference method and reciprocity for solving the inverse problem in EEG dipole source analysis
Vanrumste, Bart × Van Hoey, G Van de Walle, R D'Have, MRP Lemahieu, IA Boon, PAJM #
Human Sciences Press
Brain Topography vol:14 issue:2 pages:83-92
The performance of the finite difference reciprocity method (FDRM) to solve the inverse problem in EEG dipole source analysis is investigated in the analytically solvable three-shell spherical head model for a large set of test dipoles. The location error for a grid with 2 mm and 3 mm node spacing is in general, not larger than twice the internode distance, hence 4 mm and 6 mm, respectively. Increasing the number of scalp electrodes from 27 to 44 only marginally improves the location error. The orientation error is always smaller than 4 for all the test dipoles considered. We have also compared the sensitivity to noise using FDRM in EEG dipole source analysis with the sensitivity to noise using the analytical expression for the forward problem. FDRM is not more sensitive to noise than the method using the analytical expression.