Radial cortical and trabecular bone densities of men and women standardized with the European forearm phantom
Reeve, J Kroger, H Nijs, J Pearson, J Felsenberg, D Reiners, C Schneider, P Mitchell, A Ruegsegger, P Zander, C Fischer, M Bright, J Henley, M Lunt, M Dequeker, Jan #
Calcified tissue international vol:58 issue:3 pages:135-143
We previously showed that it is possible to cross-calibrate peripheral bone densitometers using the European Spine Phantom (ESP), We have now performed a multinational study of cross-calibrated radius bone density based on normal subjects of both sexes in eight European centers. Six centers were equipped with machines made by Scanco or Stratec for determining distal radial trabecular bone density by quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and two were equipped with Lunar SP2 single photon absorptiometry (SPA) equipment for measuring midshaft cortical bone density. Subjects recruited ranged from 20 to over 80 years of age, Over one hundred and fifteen men were studied by QCT and a different cohort of 104 men were studied with SPA; the equivalent figures for women were 235 and 123. Reference ranges were derived for bone density against age for each of the four groups, and their applicability is discussed in relation to between-center differences in the results obtained, There were insignificant differences (P > 0.05 with Bonferroni correction) between centers in the values obtained by QCT in the different populations. However, there were considerably larger and highly statistically significant differences between midshaft cortical bone density values of about 10% of overall means between subjects from eastern Finland and central Belgium (P < 0.001), with higher Finnish values. Women had considerably lower radial trabecular bone density values than men at all ages, a result that differentiates the radius from the spine. This sex difference widened after menopause. These results have important implications for understanding the contribution of bone density to the differential risk of Colles' fracture in the two sexes and suggest that further work is needed to establish young normal reference ranges for radial bone density in Europe.