Title: Detection of mutations in the COL4A5 gene by SSCP in X-linked Alport syndrome
Authors: Hertz, J M ×
Juncker, I
Persson, U
Matthijs, Gert
Schmidtke, J
Petersen, M B
Kjeldsen, M
Gregersen, N #
Issue Date: Jul-2001
Series Title: Human Mutation vol:18 issue:2 pages:141-8
Abstract: Alport syndrome is a progressive renal disease leading to chronic renal failure, which often is accompanied by sensorineural deafness and ophthalmological signs in the form of anterior lenticonus. The X-linked form of the disease is caused by mutations in the COL4A5 gene encoding the alpha5-chain of type IV-collagen. We performed mutation analysis of the COL4A5 gene by PCR-SSCP analysis of each of the 51 exons with flanking intronic sequences in 81 patients suspected of X-linked Alport syndrome including 29 clear X-linked cases, 37 cases from families with a pedigree compatible with X-linked inheritance, and 15 isolated cases. We found a mutation detection rate of 52% (42/81) (58% in males and 21% in females), and 69% (20/29) in families who clearly demonstrated X-linked inheritance. Thirty-six different mutations were found in 42 patients comprising 16 missense mutations, seven frameshifts, three in-frame deletions, four nonsense mutations, and six splice site mutations. Twenty-two of the mutations have not previously been reported. Furthermore, we found one non-pathogenic amino acid substitution, one rare variant in a non-coding region, and one polymorphism with a heterozygosity of 28%. Three de novo mutations were found, two of which were paternal and one of maternal origin.
ISSN: 1059-7794
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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