Detection of mutations in the COL4A5 gene by SSCP in X-linked Alport syndrome
Hertz, J M × Juncker, I Persson, U Matthijs, Gert Schmidtke, J Petersen, M B Kjeldsen, M Gregersen, N #
Human Mutation vol:18 issue:2 pages:141-8
Alport syndrome is a progressive renal disease leading to chronic renal failure, which often is accompanied by sensorineural deafness and ophthalmological signs in the form of anterior lenticonus. The X-linked form of the disease is caused by mutations in the COL4A5 gene encoding the alpha5-chain of type IV-collagen. We performed mutation analysis of the COL4A5 gene by PCR-SSCP analysis of each of the 51 exons with flanking intronic sequences in 81 patients suspected of X-linked Alport syndrome including 29 clear X-linked cases, 37 cases from families with a pedigree compatible with X-linked inheritance, and 15 isolated cases. We found a mutation detection rate of 52% (42/81) (58% in males and 21% in females), and 69% (20/29) in families who clearly demonstrated X-linked inheritance. Thirty-six different mutations were found in 42 patients comprising 16 missense mutations, seven frameshifts, three in-frame deletions, four nonsense mutations, and six splice site mutations. Twenty-two of the mutations have not previously been reported. Furthermore, we found one non-pathogenic amino acid substitution, one rare variant in a non-coding region, and one polymorphism with a heterozygosity of 28%. Three de novo mutations were found, two of which were paternal and one of maternal origin.