IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing vol:55 issue:3 pages:846-858
The performance of an acoustic echo canceller may be severely degraded by the presence of a near-end signal. In such a double-talk situation, the variance of the echo path estimate typically increases, resulting in slow convergence or even divergence of the adaptive filter. This problem is usually tackled by equipping the echo canceller with a double-talk detector that freezes adaptation during near-end activity. Nevertheless, there is a need for more robust adaptive algorithms since the adaptive filter's convergence may be affected considerably in the time interval needed to detect double-talk. Moreover, in some applications, near-end noise may be continuously present and then the use of a double-talk detector becomes futile. Robustness to double-talk may be established by taking into account the near-end signal characteristics, which are, however, unknown and time varying. In this paper, we show how concurrent estimation of the echo path and an autoregressive near-end signal model can be performed using prediction error (PE) identification techniques. We develop a general recursive prediction error (RPE) identification algorithm and compare it to three existing algorithms from adaptive feedback cancellation. The potential benefit of the algorithms in a double-talk situation is illustrated by means of computer simulations. It appears that especially in the stochastic gradient case a huge improvement in convergence behavior can be obtained.