IEEE Transactions on pattern analysis and machine intelligence vol:26 issue:10 pages:1249-1259
In sequential Structure from Motion algorithms for extended image or video sequences, error build up caused by drift poses a problem as feature tracks that normally represent a single scene point will have distinct 3D reconstructions. For the final bundle adjustment to remove this drift, it must be told about these 3D-3D correspondences through a change in the cost function. However, as a bundle adjustment is a nonlinear optimization technique, the drift needs to be removed from the supplied initial solution to allow for convergence of the bundle adjustment to the real global optimum. Before drift can be removed, it has to be detected. This is accomplished through understanding of the long term behavior of drift which leaves 3D reconstructions from short sequences intact. Drift detection boils down to identifying reconstructions of the same scene part that only differ up to a projective transformation. After detection, the drift can be removed from future processed images and an Adapted Bundle Adjustment using correspondences supplied by the drift detection can remove the drift from previous images. Several experiments on real video sequences demonstrate the merit of drift detection and removal.