Do negative self-ratings of depressives persist after affective improvement by sleep deprivation?
Maes, Hugo Bohus, M Lis, S Krieger, S Funfgeld, M Wark, HJ Baving, L Olbrich, H Berger, M #
Hogrefe & huber publishers
Zeitschrift fur klinische psychologie-forschung und praxis vol:27 issue:1 pages:51-55
In order to investigate whether depression-specific negative self-concepts depend on the mood of clinically depressed subjects or whether they persist beyond affective changes, we examined 10 medication-free inpatients with a major depressive disorder and 10 age-and sex-matched healthy controls, using their subjective self-referent ratings of positive and negative state-and trait-adjectives before and after sleep-deprivation. The results of our study indicated that the depressive inpatients used more negative and less positive adjectives for self description than the controls and furthermore, that sleep-deprivation improved only the self-referent responses of patients to the mood related negative items and not the ratings in the more stable trait-specific categories. Moreover, they indicate that clinically depressed patients show a disturbed positive rather than a monolithic negative self-concept.