Computational Statistics & Data Analysis vol:50 issue:1 pages:181-209
A new technique is considered for parameter estimation in a linear measurement error model AX approximate to B, A = A(0) + (A) over tilde, B = B-0 + (B) over tilde, A(0)X(0) = B-0 with row-wise independent and non-identically distributed measurement errors (A) over tilde, (B) over tilde. Here, A(0) and B-0 are the true values of the measurements A and B, and X-0 is the true value of the parameter X. The total least-squares method yields an inconsistent estimate of the parameter in this case. Modified total least-squares problem, called element-wise weighted total least-squares, is formulated so that it provides a consistent estimator, i.e., the estimate (X) over tilde converges to the true value X-0 as the number of measurements increases. The new estimator is a solution of an optimization problem with the parameter estimate (X) over tilde and the correction Delta D = [Delta A Delta B], applied to the measured data D = [A B], as decision variables. An equivalent unconstrained problem is derived by minimizing analytically over the correction Delta D, and an iterative algorithm for its solution, based on the first order optimality condition, is proposed. The algorithm is locally convergent with linear convergence rate. For large sample size the convergence rate tends to quadratic. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.