American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:282 issue:19 pages:13984-13993
Fluctuations in cytosolic Ca(2+) are crucial for a variety of cellular processes including many aspects of development. Mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) stores via the production of inositol trisphosphate (IP(3)) and the consequent activation of IP(3)-sensitive Ca(2+) channels is a ubiquitous means by which diverse stimuli mediate their cellular effects. Although IP(3) receptors have been well studied at fertilization, information regarding their possible involvement during subsequent development is scant. In the present study we examined the role of IP(3) receptors in early development of the zebrafish. We report the first molecular analysis of zebrafish IP(3) receptors which indicates that, like mammals, the zebrafish genome contains three distinct IP(3) receptor genes. mRNA for all isoforms was detectable at differing levels by the 64 cell stage, and IP(3)-induced Ca(2+) transients could be readily generated (by flash photolysis) in a controlled fashion throughout the cleavage period in vivo. Furthermore, we show that early blastula formation was disrupted by pharmacological blockade of IP(3) receptors or phospholipase C, by molecular inhibition of the former by injection of IRBIT (IP(3) receptor-binding protein released with IP(3)) and by depletion of thapsigargin-sensitive Ca(2+) stores after completion of the second cell cycle. Inhibition of Ca(2+) entry or ryanodine receptors, however, had little effect. Our work defines the importance of IP(3) receptors during early development of a genetically and optically tractable model vertebrate organism.