Title: Alterations in thyroid hormone physiology induced by temperature and feeding in newly hatched chickens
Authors: Decuypere, Eddy ×
Kühn, E R #
Issue Date: Sep-1988
Series Title: Acta physiologica Polonica vol:39 issue:5-6 pages:380-94
Abstract: In the chicken the transition of a poikilotherm to a homeotherm reaction upon cold exposure takes place in the perinatal period between pipping and hatching. However, newly hatched chicks cannot maintain their body temperature within narrow limits after cold exposure. The fact that relatively little attention was payed on the role of thyroid hormones in the thermoregulatory reaction to cold of young chicks was probably due to the hypothetically long latention time that was thought to be necessary to bring about changes in secretory activity by cold stimulation. However, more recently, rapid changes (within hours) of thyroid hormone concentrations upon cold exposure were described in the chickens and the quail. In this study, changes in circulating T3 and T4 concentrations upon cold exposure of young chicks during the first two weeks were followed, that means during the period wherein NST (non-shivering thermogenesis), if it exists at all, should be progressively replaced by ST (shivering thermogenesis). Because of the importance of feeding condition on thyroid hormone levels, the experiments were carried out with and without a preceeding fasting period. In all experiments a short-term cold exposure of young chickens (1-11 days) fed ad lib decreased T3 but increased T4 levels while a reversed picture was found after short cold exposure of the fasted animals. However, after prolonged cold stimulus (15 degrees C) of young chickens fed ad lib, plasma T3 was also significantly elevated over that of controls whereas T4 levels returned to normal values. A prolonged warm treatment (37 degrees C) of young chickens fed ad lib resulted in significantly lower T3 and higher T4 concentrations. After a prolonged cold treatment no differences in T4 or T3 response upon TRH were found whereas the warm treatment abolished these responses upon TRH. However, a cold treatment at the stage of incubation during which the hypothalamo-hypophyseal control of thyroid function is established (dag 10-14) enhanced the T4 response to TRH with a long lasting effect extending to the posthatch period. Since T3 is thought to be the active form of thyroid hormones with regard to thermopoiesis we have studied more specifically the effect of blocking peripheral conversion of T4 on thermoregulatory abilities in young chicks and the influence of temperature treatment on monodeiodination capacity. The lower rectal temperatures following the interference with the peripheral monodeiodination of T4, the effect being more pronounced at the lower ambient temperature, are indicative for a preponderant role of T3 on thermogenesis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
ISSN: 0044-6033
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Livestock-Nutrition-Quality (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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