Scientia horticulturae vol:105 issue:2 pages:249-262
Bromeliad growers report severe leaf quality problems for Aechmea cultivars grown under commercial greenhouse conditions. In this research, a leaf damage 'sensitive' and 'insensitive' A. cultivar were compared for their C-metabolism and hydrophysiology under these greenhouse conditions. Stomata opening index indicated CAM (Crassulacean acid metabolism) for both cultivars, with 45-50% open stomata around 4:00 a.m. and 5-10% in the afternoon. Malic and citric acid were the major organic acids present in the leaves, with diurnal malic acid accumulation during the night. The leaf damage 'sensitive' cultivar showed higher malic acid accumulation than the 'insensitive' cultivar (200 μ mol/gfw versus 170 μ mol/gfw). Leaf osmotic potential and turgor pressure were linked with diurnal malic acid fluctuations: organic acid accumulation during the night generated high leaf turgor pressures (up to +0.86 MPa).