Theoretical and applied genetics vol:91 issue:2 pages:313-319
To reveal the chromosomal location of three known low-molecular-weight (LMW) glutenin genes in wheat, we designed and used three sets of sequence-specific primers in polymerase chain reactions (PCR) on 'Chinese Spring' and its derived group 1 aneuploid nullisomic-tetrasomic stocks. Two sets proved to be chromosome specific and amplified sequences from the Glu-A3 and Glu-D3 loci, respectively. The third set was apparently composed of conserved sequences as it produced PCR products in each of the aneuploids. Two of these products were cloned, and their sequences differed from the known LMW glutenin genes at several positions. Again, primer sets specific for these sequences were designed. One set was directed to the Glu-A3 locus, the second set resulted in two PCR products differing in length, one of which was located on chromosome 1B and the other on 1D. Primer sets constructed for the latter two sequences were specific for the Glu-B3 and Glu-D3 loci, respectively. Hence, primer sets specific for each of the three homoeologous chromosomes of the group 1 (1A, 1B, 1D) are available. In addition, these locus-specific primers were assayed for their ability to distinguish among wheat cultivars. PCR products amplified with one of the Glu-A3-specific primer sets showed length polymorphisms in various wheat varieties. Varieties carrying the 1RS.1BL translocated chromosomes could be rec ognized by the absence of a PCR product when the Glu-B3 primer set was used. These results suggest that PCR with locus-specific primers can be useful in the molecular genetic analysis of hexaploid wheat.