Reproduction nutrition development vol:30 issue:2 pages:193-201
Plasma concentrations of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and chicken GH (cGH), together with hepatic 5'-monodeiodination (5'-D) activity, were measured in normal (Dw) and dwarf chick (dw) embryos at incubation d 18. An injection of 10 micrograms of ovine GH (oGH) raised plasma concentrations of T3 in Dw embryos after 1 and 2 h and stimulated hepatic 5'-D activity after 2 h. A non-specific increase in T4 was also observed after 1 h in Dw animals probably due to the heterologous nature of the injection. These effects were not observed in dw embryos. An injection of 1 microgram of TRH was able to increase cGH levels after 15 min in Dw embryos, whereas the the observed increase in the dw group was not significant. In Dw embryos, 0.01, 0.1 and 1 microgram of TRH increased plasma concentrations of T3 in a dose-dependent way, whereas in dw embryos, no reaction to the TRH injections was seen, except for the highest dose used. Contrary to this observation, T4 was increased to the same level in both Dw and dw embryos following TRH injections. An injection of 1 microgram of ovine CRH increased corticosterone after 0.5 h and elevated T3 and T4 after 2 h to the same extent in Dw and dw embryos. It is concluded that the thyrotrophic activities of TRH and oCRH and the corticotropic activity of oCRH do not differ between normal and sex-linked dwarf embryos. However TRH and GH were unable to stimulate the T4-T3 conversion in the liver of dw embryos, presumably due to the lack of hepatic GH receptors in these animals.