Molecular and general genetics vol:263 issue:3 pages:520-526
Tom1p is a 3268-amino acid protein with extensive homology to the hect-domain class of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Disruption of the TOM1 gene results in temperature sensitivity for growth. Genes encoding the peytidyl proline isomerases Fpr3p and Fpr4p, when present on multicopy plasmids, will suppress this temperature-sensitive growth phenotype. FPR3 can also suppress the mating defect seen in tom1 strains. Suppression is specific for disruption of TOM1, since FPR3 does not restore wild-type growth to strains lacking the E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Rad6p or the transcriptional regulator Ngg1p. Interestingly, the peptidyl proline isomerase domains of Fpr3p and Fpr4p are not required for suppression; rather the essential sequences include about 170 highly conserved residues at the proteins' N-termini. Previously we found that Tom1p plays a role in gene regulation. Since overexpression of FPR4 does not suppress the reduced expression of the ARG1 promoter found in tom1 deletion strains, Tom1p probably has one or more functions beyond its involvement in gene expression.