Journal of terramechanics vol:37 issue:4 pages:191-205
In the field of mobile agricultural and off-road machinery, there is a growing interest to examine the dynamic behaviour of the vehicle under construction with a view to improve passenger comfort and machine performance. As many of these machine constructors are small sized, specialised companies are required to execute vibration tests and to evaluate vibration levels. Because most of these machines are heavy constructions with exceptional proportions, it is obvious to perform vibration tests on the factory floor by means of a low power mobile excitation device such as an electro-hydraulic shaker. This paper shows that an air spring, parallel to the actuator of an electro-hydraulic shaker, results in considerable power savings. The behaviour of the shaker is discussed at its resonance frequencies. For small band excitation signals, extra power savings can be achieved by tuning the spring stiffness and by using the air spring at constant pressure. Experiments on a one degree of freedom vertical shaker show good agreement with the theory and demonstrate that the different mode shapes of an agricultural tractor can be sufficiently excited with a nominal hydraulic power of 500 W. (C) 2000 ISTVS. All rights reserved.