Effects of insulin-like growth factor-i (igf-i) infusion and dietary triiodothyronine (t3) supplementation on growth, body-composition and plasma-hormone levels in sex-linked dwarf mutant and normal chickens
Tixierboichard, M × Huybrechts, Lm Decuypere, Eddy Kuhn, Er Monvoisin, Jl Coquerelle, G Charrier, J Simon, J #
J endocrinology ltd
Journal of Endocrinology vol:133 issue:1 pages:101-110
This study used a sex-linked dwarf mutant (SLD) chicken to evaluate growth-promoting and metabolic effects of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (rhIGF-I) treatment. The SLD chicken is characterized by a 30% reduction in body weight and by high plasma GH levels, low plasma IGF-I and triiodothyronine (T3) levels and very low GH binding on liver membranes, suggesting reduced functional GH receptors compared with normal chickens. The effects of a continuous s.c. infusion by osmotic mini-pump of 0.1 mg rhIGF-I/kg per day from 4 to 8 weeks of age on body weight, bone growth and body composition were investigated in female SLD and normal chicks. In addition, half of the birds received a dietary supplement of T3 (0.1 parts per million). Plasma levels of IGF-I, GH, T3, thyroxine and insulin were followed during the treatment. In normal chicks, rhIGF-I infusion had no effect on growth and little effect on plasma hormone levels except for a decrease in plasma insulin. In dwarf chicks, rhIGF-I infusion slightly increased body weight but had no effect on longitudinal bone growth. In addition, plasma GH levels were decreased and T3 levels remained lower than in normal chicks. Normal and dwarf chicks showed a decrease in abdominal fat after both IGF-I administration and T3 supplementation, the treatments having additive effects in dwarf chicks only. The combined rhIGF-I and T3 treatment restored a quasi-normal hormonal pattern in dwarf chicks, except for insulin which remained lower than in normal chicks. These results suggest that IGF-I in the chicken has no direct endocrine effect on statural growth.