Twenty-six Vietnamese banana accessions, from the AA, AAA, AAB, ABB, AB genome groups and some wild accessions, were evaluated for resistance and/or tolerance to Meloidogyne spp. and Pratylenchus coffeae under greenhouse conditions. No source of resistance to Meloidogyne spp. was found. All the tested genotypes were found to be at least as susceptible to Meloidogyne spp. as the susceptible reference cv. Grand Nain (AAA) and the final nematode population in the roots was always much higher than the initial inoculum. The intensity of galling was less in the cvv. Man (AAB), Tay (ABB), Ngu Thoc (AA) and Yangambi Km 5 (AAA). Possible sources of resistance/tolerance to P. coffeae were found in cvv. Yangambi Km 5 (AAA), Tieu Xanh (AAA), Tieu Mien Nam (AA), Gros Michel (AAA), Com Chua (AAB), Com Lua (AA), Man (AAB), Ngu Thoc (AA) and Grand Nain (AAA).