Rhizodeposition was collected from root tips of banana (Musa acuminata). Two varieties, Grande naine and Yangambi km5, susceptible and resistant towards the burrowing nematode Radopholus similis, respectively, were examined for root border cell production under in vitro and in soil growing conditions. Two types of cells were observed in rhizodeposition: spherical cells containing large amyloplasts, called statocytes (8% of total), and long ellipsoidal border cells (92%). Border cell production was high, related to root length and not different between the two cultivars. Rhizodeposition from plants grown in soil contained similar amounts of border cells, but viability was lower than in in vitro grown plants. Chemotaxis and motility assays were performed to test the effects of banana roots, roots without rhizodeposition, rhizodeposition, exudates and border cells on the behaviour of R. similis. Roots of both the susceptible and resistant variety attracted R. similis, but only in the presence of rhizodeposition. Isolated rhizodeposition of Yangambi km5 also attracted nematodes. Border cells and exudates did not affect nematode chemotaxis. Roots of both varieties induced quiescence in R. similis in the chemotaxis assay. Thirty to fifty percent of the nematodes became temporary quiescent in the motility assay with rhizodeposition and exudates. The effect lasted for 24 h for Grande naine and up to 3 days for Yangambi km5. Rhizodeposition collected from plants grown in soil affected neither R. similis chemotaxis nor motility. Overall, there were no indications that rhizodeposition is involved in preformed resistance against R. similis in Yangambi km5.