Postharvest biology and technology vol:31 issue:1 pages:9-19
The potential of the electronic nose (E-nose) and the mass spectrometer-based E-nose (MSE-nose) to monitor changes in apple fruit volatiles during shelf life was studied. These techniques were compared with a traditional technique to measure volatiles, gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry (GUMS). Apples were stored for 8 months at three different storage conditions and the volatile profile changes were followed subsequently over a period of 15 days. Analysis of the score plot of the principal components analysis for the E-nose measurements showed no storage history effect and only very little shelf life effect. In contrast, the MSE-nose and GUMS score plots clearly indicated the presence of both shelf life and storage history trend. Moreover, the volatile profile changes during shelf life depended on the storage history. The loading plots of the PCA of the GUMS data revealed which volatiles are important to differentiate between storage conditions and which ones are important during ripening on the shelf.