Anaerobic digestion is becoming a more common method for treatment of organic wastes. Little is known, however, about the effects of this process on the fate of plant pathogens and seeds. Therefore, the fates of the plant pathogens Plasmodiophora brasicae, Heterodera schachtii, Meloidogyne incognita, Ralstonia solanacearum, tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and tomato seeds were followed during anaerobic digestion of source separated household wastes. With the exception of TMV, all test organisms were destroyed to below detectable limits within one day of anaerobic digestion at 52degreesC. Two days of anaerobic digestion did not reduce the concentration of TMV. However, two days of anaerobic digestion followed by 19 days of high temperature composting at 58degreesC reduced the concentration of infectious TMV particles by a factor of almost three orders. Anaerobic digestion followed by 12 days of composting at 68degreesC was even more effective. Although TMV concentrations were not eliminated entirely, we conclude that short-term high temperature anaerobic digestion followed by high temperature composting is a highly efficient process for the eradication of detrimental agents from solid wastes.