Reproduction nutrition development vol:30 issue:6 pages:683-692
The aim of the present experiments was to study the plasma glucose-insulin relationship in eu-, hypo- or hyperthyroid broiler chickens. None of the thyroid states modified the fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels. Hypothyroid chickens exhibited a normal glucose tolerance and a normal glucose-induced insulin release after oral glucose (2 g/kg body weight) administration compared to euthyroid chickens. In contrast, hyperthyroid chickens exhibited an improved glucose tolerance accompanied by a lower insulin release. Insulin injections at a concentration of 0.1 U/kg body weight was only hypoglycemic in hyperthyroid chickens, which confirms the observation that these chickens are more sensitive to insulin. From this study it can be suggested that alterations in body composition according to thyroid status are at least partly mediated by changes in the control of carbohydrate metabolism by pancreatic hormones.