The Journal of Nutrition vol:121 issue:7 pages:948-955
In experiments with male Wistar rats, we measured the effects of nonpurified diets containing 9.1% added fat (beef tallow, native or randomized fish oil, native or randomized peanut oil) on apparent digestibility of total fat and individual fatty acids. We also investigated the effects of the diets on plasma contents of triglyceride, cholesterolesters and free and total cholesterol as well as on the fatty acid profiles of plasma and liver phospholipids. Randomization of fish oil or peanut oil had no significant effect on any of the lipid measurements. Fat digestibility was significantly lower in the rats fed beef tallow. Apparent absorption of 18: 1(n-9) and polyunsaturated fatty acids was not dependent on the fatty acid profile of the dietary fat. Apparent absorption of 16:1(n-7) and saturated fatty acids was generally highest in the rats fed fish oil. Intake of fish oil or peanut oil significantly decreased plasma triglyceride content. Intake of fish oil resulted in substantially decreased contents of total cholesterol and cholesterolesters in plasma, but intake of peanut oil did not. Efficiency of conversion of 18:2(n-6) into 20: 4(n-6) was inhibited by long-chain (n-3) fatty acids.