International journal of vehicle design vol:34 issue:3 pages:218-230
A data-based mechanistic (DBM) approach was used to model the spatio-temporal temperature distribution in the imperfectly mixed fluid in a car. The first phase of DBM involves the identification of a mathematical model from experimental data. A second order model proves to deliver a sufficiently good description of the temperature dynamics of the system (R-2 = 0.985). Furthermore, the physical interpretation of this second order model provides a useful variable. The physical meaning of one of the model parameters is what is called the local volumetric concentration of fresh air flow inside the car. It thus becomes possible to quantify the local air freshness in a complex geometric space as the interior of a car, only using simple temperature measurements. This technique could become a valuable tool in evaluating the performance of for instance climate controllers in interior spaces.