Postharvest biology and technology vol:30 issue:3 pages:233-248
Near infrared reflectance (NIR) spectroscopy has been used successfully to measure soluble solids in apple fruit. However, for practical implementation, the technique needs to be able to compensate for fruit temperature fluctuations, as it was observed that the sample temperature affects the near infrared reflectance spectrum in a non-linear way. Temperature fluctuations may occur in practice because of varying weather conditions or improper conditioning of the fruit immediately after harvest. Two techniques were found well suited to control the accuracy of the calibration models for soluble solids with respect to temperature fluctuations. The first, and most practical one, consisted of developing a global robust calibration model to cover the temperature range expected in the future. The second method involved the development of a range of temperature dedicated calibration models. The drawback of the latter approach is that the required data collection is very large. When no precautions are taken, the error on the soluble solids content reading may be as large as 4%brix. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.