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Title: Identification in Drosophila melanogaster of the invertebrate G protein-coupled FMRFamide receptor
Authors: Meeusen, Tom
Mertens, Inge
Clynen, Elke
Baggerman, Geert
Nichols, R
Nachman, RJ
Huybrechts, Roger
De Loof, Arnold
Schoofs, Liliane # ×
Issue Date: Nov-2002
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Series Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol:99 issue:24 pages:15363-15368
Abstract: We here describe the cloning and characterization of the functionally active Drosophila melanogaster (Drm) FMRFamide receptor, which we designated as DrmFMRFa-R. The full-length ORF of a D. melanogaster orphan receptor, CG 2114 (Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project), was cloned from genomic DNA. This receptor is distantly related to mammalian thyroid-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone receptors and to a set of Caenorhabditis elegans orphan receptors. An extract of 5,000 central nervous systems from the related but bigger flesh fly, Neobellieria bullata (Neb), was used to screen cells expressing the orphan receptor. Successive purification steps, followed by MS, revealed the sequence of two previously uncharacterized endogenous peptides, APPQPSDNFIRFamide (Neb-FIRFamide) and pQPSQDFMRFamide (Neb-FMRFamide). These are reminiscent of other insect FMRFamide peptides, having neurohormonal as well as neurotransmitter functions. Nanomolar concentrations of the Drm FMRFamides (DPKQDFMRFamide, TPAEDFMRFamide, SDNFMRFamide, SPKQDFMRFamide, and PDNFMRFamide) activated the cognate receptor in a dose-dependent manner. To our knowledge, the cloned DrmFMRFa-R is the first functionally active FMRFamide G protein-coupled receptor described in invertebrates to date.
URI: 
ISSN: 0027-8424
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Animal Physiology and Neurobiology Section - miscellaneous
Department of Biology - miscellaneous
Microbial and Molecular Systems - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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