Dexamethasone ester treatment alters insulin-like growth factor-I, its binding proteins and thyroid status in finishing calves
Bertozzi, C × Portetelle, D Massart, S Prandi, A Darras, Veerle Room, G Tassinari, M Vleurick, L Parmentier, I Haezebroeck, V Decuypere, Eddy Burny, A Renaville, R #
Agr inst canada
Canadian journal of animal science vol:80 issue:2 pages:329-335
To improve carcass quality in finishing calves, some breeders use preparations containing corticoids alone or in association with other growth promoters. We have investigated the effects of dexamethasone treatment on insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP-2 and 3) and thyroid hormones (T-3, T-4, free T-4). Limousine male calves were allocated to a control group (C) (n = 18) and a group (n = 18) that received dexamethasone esters (DEX). Blood and hepatic tissue samples were collected at slaughtering. Thyroid hormones and IGF-I plasma levels were measured by RIA and IGFBPs were evaluated by immunoblotting. Hepatic type I 5'deiodinase (5'D-I) activity was determined by enzyme assay and hepatic expression of mRNA for GH receptor, IGF-I, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3 and type I deiodinase (D-I) was evaluated by dot blot analysis. Plasma IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels were reduced by the DEX treatment (P < 0.001 and P < 0.01, respectively) while IGFBP-2 was unaffected. Significant plasma changes for IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were not corroborated by hepatic mRNA levels, for which only a slight non-significant decrease was noted. Growth hormone receptor mRNA expression was increased after treatment (P < 0.01). T-3 plasma level was higher in DEX animals (P < 0.05) than in C calves. Finally, treatment increased 5'D-I activity in the hepatic tissue (P < 0.001) and seemed to also affect D-I mRNA expression (P = 0.1). In conclusion, dexamethasone ester injection in calves altered some of their endocrinological parameters; this could explain the catabolic action of corticoids in the bovine species.