General and Comparative Endocrinology vol:143 issue:1 pages:75-81
In the present study, morphological changes leading to complete metamorphosis have been induced in the neotenic axolot1 Ambystoma mexicanum using a submetamorphic dose of T-4 together with an injection of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). An injection of CRH alone is ineffective in this regard presumably due to a lack of thyrotropic stimulation. Using this low hormone profile for induction of metamorphosis, the deiodinating enzymes D2 and D3 known to be present in amphibians were measured in liver and brain 24 It following an intraperitoneal injection. An injection of T4 alone did not influence liver nor brain D2 and D3, but dexamethasone (DEX) or CRH alone or in combination with T4 decreased liver D2 and D3. Brain D2 activity was slightly increased with a higher dose of DEX, though CRH did not have this effect. A profound synergistic effect occurred when T4 and DEX or CRH were injected together, in the dose range leading to metamorphosis, increasing brain D2 activity more than fivefold. This synergistic effect was not found in the liver. It is concluded that brain T-3 availability may play an important role for the onset of metamorphosis in the neotenic axolotl. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.