International journal of osteoarchaeology vol:6 issue:5 pages:488-496
This paper discusses the bird remains found in the Roman levels of the military fort of 'Abu Sha'ar and of the ancient harbour of Berenike. Food procurement was essentially based on wild resources at 'Abu Sha'ar and this is also reflected in the bird remains. Only 28 per cent of the bird bones at the low status site of 'Abu Sha'ar are from domestic fowl, whereas at the commercially important town of Berenike 92 per cent were. Medullary bone was present in 66 per cent of the 161 chicken remains at Berenike. The occurrence and formation of medullary bone in modem domestic fowl is discussed and possibilites from its study in the chicken remains from Berenike are presented.