Journal of Insect Physiology vol:48 issue:10 pages:981-990
[His(7)] -corazonin is a neuropeptide produced in the pars lateralis of the brain. It is stored in the corpora cardiaca and probably released front there. The only well-documented effect in locusts is increased melanization of the cuticle. We investigated whether this hormone might also be causally related to changes in behavior and morphometrics that, like melanization, occur during crowding-induced gregarization. Solitary fourth-instar nymphs of Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk.) were injected thrice with 1 nmol [His(7)]-corazonin. After molting to the 5th stadium their behavioral phase state was measured in an arena assay and analyzed Using multiple logistic regression analysis. The hormone was found not to induce behavioral phase changes. Upon reaching adulthood, morphometrics shifts occurred towards values typical for crowd-reared and regregarized animals. Our results thus indicate that [His(7)] -corazonin is not involved in behavioral gregarization but may participate in morphometrical phase change. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.