Title: Polyculture of silver barb, Puntius gonionotus (Bleeker), Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), and common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., in Vietnamese ricefields: fish production parameters
Authors: Rothuis, AJ ×
Nam, CQ
Richter, CJJ
Ollevier, Frans #
Issue Date: Sep-1998
Publisher: Blackwell science ltd
Series Title: Aquaculture research vol:29 issue:9 pages:661-668
Abstract: The fish production parameters of five polyculture combinations, consisting of small and large silver barb, Puntius gonionotus (Bleeker), small and large Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), and small common carp, Cyprinus carpio L., fingerlings in three replicates, were investigated in a rice-fish culture experiment (duration 149 days) conducted in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. The survival rate was not significantly (P > 0.05) affected by the polyculture combination, but when grouped according to species, the mean survival of silver barb and tilapia was 64.3% and 63.7%, respectively, significantly higher than the mean common carp survival rate (33.4%). The growth of silver barb and tilapia was proportionally related to the stocking density, probably because of intraspecific competition and a synergistic interaction between silver barb and tilapia, The growth of common carp was not significantly different among the polyculture combinations. The highest net production (474.1 kg ha(-1)) was obtained in the polyculture combination consisting of 80% small-sized silver barb fingerlings, but the fish was not marketable at that time. In concurrent rice-fish culture, it is recommended to raise large silver barb fingerlings. Small tilapia can be polycultured with silver barb, provided a stocking density lower than 1400 ha(-1). Common carp is considered less suitable because of a limited tolerance for the water quality conditions in the ricefield and the large size required by the market.
ISSN: 1355-557X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity Conservation Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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