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Title: Side-chain derivatives of biologically active nucleosides. 1. Side-chain analogs of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT)
Authors: Hiebl, J ×
Zbiral, E
Balzarini, Jan
De Clercq, Erik #
Issue Date: 18-Sep-1992
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:35 issue:16 pages:3016-23
Abstract: Starting from 3-O-mesyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-alpha-D-allofuranose (9) the anomeric mixtures of the requisite carbohydrates 1,2-di-O-acetyl-6-O-benzoyl-5-deoxy-3-O-mesyl-D-allofuranoses++ + 17A alpha/beta, 1,2-di-O-acetyl-5,6-di-O-benzoyl-3-O-mesyl-D-allofuranoses 17B alpha/beta, and 1,2-di-O-acetyl-5,6-di-O-benzoyl-3-O-mesyl-L-talofuranoses 17C alpha/beta were synthesized. 1,2-Di-O-acetyl-5-O-benzoyl-6-deoxy-3-O-mesyl-D-allofuranoses++ + 17D alpha/beta and the corresponding L-talofuranoses 17E alpha/beta were obtained from 6-deoxy-3,5-di-O-benzoyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-alpha-D- allofuranose (12) and the corresponding beta-L-talofuranose 13. Coupling of these sugar derivatives with thymine gave the beta-nucleoside derivatives 18A-E. Treatment of compounds 18A-E with DBU produced the corresponding 2,3'-anhydro nucleosides 19A-E with a free 2'-OH group. After deoxygenation of 2'-O-[[(4-methylphenyl)oxy]thiocarbonyl] compounds 20A-E with tributyltin hydride the 2,3'-anhydro bridge of the 2'-deoxynucleosides 21A-E was opened with LiN3 to produce the protected 3'-azido-2,3'-dideoxynucleoside derivatives 22A-G. Saponification with NaOCH3 gave 1-(3'-azido-2',3',5'-trideoxy-beta-D-allofuranosyl)thymine (2; homo-AZT), the 5'-C-(hydroxymethyl) derivatives of AZT 1-(3'-azido-2',3'- dideoxy-beta-D-allofuranosyl)thymine (3) and 1-(3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxy-alpha-L-talofuranosyl)thymine (4), and the 5'-C-methyl derivatives of AZT 1-(3'-azido-2',3',6'-trideoxy-beta-D-allofuranosyl)thymine (5) and 1-(3'-azido-2',3',6'-trideoxy-alpha-L-talofuranosyl)thymine (6). Compounds 2-6 were evaluated for their inhibitory effect on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2) replication in MT-4 cells and found inactive at subtoxic concentrations. Compounds 2-4 and 6 are not effective against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HIV-2), vaccinia virus (VV), and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) at 400 micrograms/mL. 5 is slightly active against HSV-1, HSV-2 and VV at 150, 300, and 300 micrograms/mL, respectively.
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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