5-Phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate synthetase converts the acyclic nucleoside phosphonates 9-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)adenine and 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine directly to their antivirally active diphosphate derivatives
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:266 issue:14 pages:8686-9
The acyclic nucleoside phosphonates 9-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)adenine (HPMPA) and 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine (PMEA) are potent inhibitors of DNA viruses and retroviruses, respectively. Unlike nucleoside triphosphates, the metabolically active (diphosphorylated) forms of HPMPA and PMEA (designated HPMPApp and PMEApp) are synthesized in a reversible reaction in which the pyrophosphate group of 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate (PRPP) is directly transferred to HPMPA and PMEA by purified PRPP synthetase. In this respect, PRPP synthetase does not act stereospecifically in that it recognizes both the S-enantiomer and the R-enantiomer of HPMPA as substrate. PRPP synthetase also recognizes other acyclic adenine and 2,6-diaminopurine riboside phosphonates as a substrate. It is now imperative to evaluate the potential role of PRPP synthetase, as activating enzyme, in the antiviral action of this type of molecules in intact cells.