Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:29 issue:4 pages:488-93
A series of potential prodrug 5-halouridine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphates (5-X-cUMPs, X = F, Cl, Br, I, 1-4) has been prepared and tested for antitumor activity against murine leukemia L1210/0 and human lymphoblast Raji/0 cells and their deoxythymidine kinase deficient (TK-) counterparts, as well as for antiviral activity in primary rabbit kidney cells infected with herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2, vaccinia virus, or vesicular stomatitis virus. The 5-halopyrimidine bases, nucleosides (5-X-U), and 5'-monophosphates (5-X-UMP) were tested for comparison. 5-F-cUMP (1) showed reasonably potent inhibition of tumor cell proliferation (ID50 = 0.33-1.6 micrograms/mL), while the remaining diesters displayed ID50's ranging from 210 to greater than 1000 micrograms/mL. 5-F-cUMP was 70- to 300-fold less active than 5-F-dU in the same systems. With TK- L1210 cells, 5-F-cUMP was as potent as with the normal (L1210/0) line but was about fourfold less active with TK- Raji cells compared to Raji/0 cells. The 5-X-cUMPs showed little potency as antivirals. A single-crystal X-ray analysis of the ammonium salt of 5-I-cUMP confirmed its structure and showed the conformation of the phosphate ring to be the expected chair. The ribose pucker is near 3(4)T, and the torsion angle about the beta-glycosidic N(1)-C(1') bond is in the syn range (-84.8 degrees).