Biochimica et Biophysica Acta vol:785 issue:1-2 pages:36-45
Two strategies have been pursued to monitor the inhibition of thymidylate (dTMP) synthase (5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate:dUMP C-methyltransferase, EC 220.127.116.11) by thymidine (dThd) analogs in intact murine leukemia L1210 cells. The first method was based on the determination of tritium release from 2'-deoxy[5-3H]uridine [( 5-3H]dUrd) or 2'-deoxy[5-3H]cytidine [( 5-3H]dCyd); the second method was based on an estimation of the amount of dCyd incorporated into DNA as dTMP. The validity of these procedures was assessed by evaluating the inhibition of thymidylate synthase in murine leukemia L1210 cells by a series of 18 dThd analogs. There was a strong correlation between the inhibitory effects of the dThd analogs on the proliferation of L1210 cells on the one hand, and (i) their inhibitory effects on tritium release from [5-3H]dCyd (r = 0.926) and (ii) their inhibitory effects on the incorporation of dCyd into DNA dTMP (r = 0.921), on the other hand. Evaluation of tritium release from [5-3H]dCyd proved to be the most convenient method that has been described so far to measure thymidylate synthase activity and to follow the inhibitory effects of thymidylate synthase inhibitors in intact L1210 cells, since this method is rapid and very sensitive, and since it proved superior to the evaluation of tritium release from [5-3H]dUrd because it circumvents possible interactions of the inhibitors with thymidine kinase activity.