The Biochemical journal vol:217 issue:1 pages:245-52
A thymidylate (dTMP) synthetase-deficient murine mammary carcinoma cell line (FM3A/TS-), auxotrophic for thymidine (dThd), proved extremely useful for studying the dependence of cell growth on the exogenous supply of dThd, the relation between cell growth and DNA synthesis, and the ability of a series of 25 5-substituted 2'-deoxyuridines (dUrd) to substitute for dThd in sustaining cell growth. FM3A/TS-cells did not proliferate unless dThd was supplied to the cell culture medium. The 5-halogenated dUrd derivatives 5-chloro-dUrd, 5-bromo-dUrd and 5-iodo-d Urd also sustained FM3A/TS- cell growth. The extents of incorporation of [methyl-3H]dThd and 5-iodo-[6-3H]dUrd into DNA were closely correlated with their stimulatory effects on FM3A/TS- cell growth. This suggests that the stimulatory effects of the dUrd analogues on the growth rate of FM3A/TS- cells may be considered as evidence for their incorporation into host cell DNA. Based on this premise it is postulated that, in addition to 5-chloro-dUrd, 5-bromo-dUrd, 5-iodo-dUrd and dThd itself, the following dThd analogues are also incorporated into FM3A/TS- cell DNA (in order of the extent to which they are incorporated): 5-hydroxy-dUrd greater than 5-propynyloxy-dUrd greater than 5-ethyl-dUrd greater than 5-ethynyl-dUrd approximately 5-vinyl-dUrd. Thus, the dTMP synthetase-deficient FM3A/TS- cell line represents a unique system to dissociate the de novo and salvage pathways of dTMP biosynthesis and to distinguish those dUrd analogues that are incorporated into DNA from those that are not.