Nucleic acids research vol:10 issue:17 pages:5285-95
Rapid and efficient syntheses for the preparation of 2'-deoxy-5-vinyluridine and 2'-deoxy-5-vinylcytidine are described starting from nucleoside precursors. Contrary to some previous reports, 2-deoxy-5-vinyluridine has be found to be quite stable under normal laboratory conditions but when tested in animals shows neither toxicity nor anti-leukemic (L1210 cells) or anti-parasitic (Plasmodium berghei) activity. 2'-Deoxy-5-vinylcytidine appears to polymerise readily. It is much less toxic to cell cultures than 2'-deoxy-5'vinyluridine but is almost as active against herpes virus replication (ID50:0.2 microgram/ml) for both type 1 and type 2 herpes virus (selectivity index:225).