Title: A novel mannose-binding tuber lectin from Typhonium divaricatum (L.) Decne (family Araceae) with antiviral activity against HSV-II and anti-proliferative effect on human cancer cell lines
Authors: Luo, Yongting ×
Xu, Xiaochao
Liu, Jiwei
Li, Jian
Sun, Yisheng
Liu, Zhen
Liu, Jinzhi
Van Damme, Els
Balzarini, Jan
Bao, Jinku #
Issue Date: May-2007
Publisher: Biochemical Society of the Republic of Korea
Series Title: Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology vol:40 issue:3 pages:358-367
Abstract: A novel mannose-binding tuber lectin with in vitro antiproliferative activity towards human cancer cell lines and antiviral activity against HSV-II was isolated from fresh tubers of a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Typhonium divaricatum (L.) Decne by a combined procedure involving extraction, ammonium sulfate precipitation, ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-SEPHAROSE, CM-SEPHAROSE and gel-filtration on sephacryl S-200. The apparent molecular mass of the purified Typhonium divaricatum lectin (TDL) was 48 kDa. TDL exhibits hemagglutinating activity toward rabbit erythrocytes at 0.95 microg/ml, and its activity could be strongly inhibited by mannan, ovomucoid, asialofetuin and thyroglobulin. TDL showed antiproliferative activity towards some well established human cancer cell lines, e.g. Pro-01 (56.7 +/- 6.8), Bre-04 (41.5 +/- 4.8), and Lu-04 (11.4 +/- 0.3). The anti-HSV-II activity of TDL was elucidated by testing its HSV-II infection inhibitory activity in Vero cells with TC(50) and EC(50) of 5.176 mg/ml and 3.054 microg/ml respectively. The full-length cDNA sequence of TDL was 1145 bp and contained an 813-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 271 amino acid precursor of 29-kDa. Homology analysis showed that TDL had high homology with many other mannose-binding lectins. Secondary and three-dimensional structures analyses showed that TDL is heterotetramer and similar with lectins from mannose-binding lectin superfamily, especially those from family Araceae.
ISSN: 1225-8687
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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