Title: Bis-cycloSal-d4T-monophosphates: drugs that deliver two molecules of bioactive nucleotides
Authors: Ducho, Christian ×
Görbig, Ulf
Jessel, Sönke
Gisch, Nicolas
Balzarini, Jan
Meier, Chris #
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2007
Publisher: ACS Publications
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:50 issue:6 pages:1335-1346
Abstract: Bis-cycloSal-d4T-monophosphates have been synthesized as potentially anti-HIV active "dimeric" prodrugs of 2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine monophosphate (d4TMP). These pronucleotides display a mask-drug ratio of 1:2, a novelty in the field of pronucleotides. Both bis-cycloSal-d4TMP 6 and bis-5-methyl-cycloSal-d4TMP 7 showed increased hydrolytic stability as compared to their "monomeric" counterparts and a completely selective hydrolytic release of d4TMP. The hydrolysis pathway was investigated via 31P NMR spectroscopy. Moreover, due to the steric bulkiness, compound 6 already displayed strongly reduced inhibitor potency toward human butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), while compound 7 turned out to be devoid of any inhibitory activity against BChE. Partial separation of the diastereomeric mixture of 6 revealed strong dependence of the pronucleotides' properties on the stereochemistry at the phosphorus centers. Both 6 and 7 showed good activity against HIV-1 and HIV-2 in wild-type CEM cells in vitro. These compounds were significantly more potent than the parent nucleoside d4T 1 in HIV-2-infected TK-deficient CEM cells, indicating an efficient TK-bypass.
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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