Cytotoxic and topographical properties of 6-arylidene-2-dimethylaminomethylcyclohexanone hydrochlorides and related compounds
Dimmock, J R × Chamankhah, M Das, U Zello, G A Quail, J W Yang, J Nienaber, K H Sharma, R K Selvakumar, P Balzarini, Jan De Clercq, Erik Stables, J P #
Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry vol:19 issue:1 pages:1-10
A number of 2-arylidenecyclohexanones (1a-h) were converted into the corresponding Mannich bases (2a-h) and (3a,f). Evaluation against murine L1210 cells as well as human Molt 4/C8 and CEM T-lymphocytes revealed the marked cytotoxicity of the Mannich bases and also the fact that almost invariably these compounds were more potent than the precursor enones (1a-h). Further evaluation of most of the Mannich bases towards a panel of nearly 60 human tumour cell lines confirmed their utility as potent cytotoxins. In this assay, the compounds showed growth-inhibiting properties greater than the anticancer alkylator melphalan. QSAR studies revealed that in some cell lines compounds possessing small electron-attracting aryl substituents showed the greatest potencies. Molecular modeling and X-ray crystallography demonstrated that various interatomic distances and torsion angles correlated with cytotoxicity. A representative compound (2a) demonstrated weak inhibiting properties towards human N-myristoyltransferase and stimulated a tyrosine protein kinase. A single dose of 100 mg/kg of most of the compounds did not prove to be lethal in mice.