Title: Synthesis of 1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-2,4-difluoro-5-substituted-benzenes: "thymine replacement" analogs of thymidine for evaluation as anticancer and antiviral agents
Authors: Wang, Z X ×
Duan, W
Wiebe, L I
Balzarini, Jan
De Clercq, Erik
Knaus, E E #
Issue Date: Apr-2001
Series Title: Nucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids vol:20 issue:1-2 pages:41-58
Abstract: A group of unnatural 1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-2,4-difluorobenzenes having a variety of C-5 two-carbon substituents [-C...C-X, X = I, Br; -C...CH; (E)-CH=CH-X, X = I, Br; -CH=CH2; -CH2CH3; -CH(N3) CH2Br], designed as nucleoside mimics, were synthesized for evaluation as anticancer and antiviral agents. The 5-substituted (E)-CH=CH-I and -CH2CH3 compounds exhibited negligible cytotoxicity in a MTT assay (CC50 = 10(-3) to 10(-4)M range), relative to thymidine (CC50 = 10(-3) to 10(-5)M range), against a variety of cancer cell lines. In contrast, the C-5 substituted -C...C-I and -CH(N3)CH2Br compounds were more cytotoxic (CC50 = 10(-5) to 10(-6)M range). The -C...C-I and -CH2CH3 compounds exhibited similar cytotoxicity against non-transfected (KBALB, 143B) and HSV-1 TK+ gene transfected (KBALB-STK, 143B-LTK) cancer cell lines expressing the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) thymidine kinase gene (TK+). This observation indicates that expression of the viral TK enzyme did not provide a gene therapeutic effect. The parent group of 5-substituted compounds, that were evaluated using a wide variety of antiviral assay systems [HSV-1, HSV-2, varicella-zoster virus (VZV), vaccinia virus, vesicular stomatitis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and human immunodeficiency (HIV-1, HIV-2) viruses], showed that this class of unnatural C-aryl nucleoside mimics are inactive and/or weakly active antiviral agents.
ISSN: 1525-7770
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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