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Title: Synthesis of 1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-2,4-difluoro-5-substituted-benzene thymidine mimics, some related alpha-anomers, and their evaluation as antiviral and anticancer agents
Authors: Wang, Z X ×
Duan, W
Wiebe, L I
Balzarini, Jan
De Clercq, Erik
Knaus, E E #
Issue Date: 27-Apr-2001
Series Title: Nucleosides, nucleotides & nucleic acids vol:20 issue:1-2 pages:11-40
Abstract: A group of unnatural 1-(2-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-2,4-difluorobenzenes having a variety of C-5 substituents (H, Me, F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, CN, NO2, NH2), designed as thymidine mimics, were synthesized for evaluation as anticancer and antiviral agents. The coupling reaction of 3,5-bis-O-(p-chlorobenzoyl)-2-deoxy-alpha-D-ribofuranosyl chloride with an organocadmium reagent [(2,4-difluorophenyl)2Cd] afforded a mixture of the alpha- and beta-anomeric products (alpha:beta = 3:1 to 10:1 ratio). Treatment of the alpha-anomer with BF3.Et2O in nitroethane at 110-120 degrees C for 30 min was developed as an efficient method for epimerization of the major alpha-anomer to the desired beta-anomer. The 5-substituted (H, Me, Cl, I, NH2) beta-anomers exhibited negligible cytotoxicity in a MTT assay (CC50 = 10(-3)-10(-4) M range), relative to thymidine (CC50 = 10(-3)-10(-5) M range), against a variety of cancer cell lines. In contrast, the 5-NO2 derivative was more cytotoxic (CC50 = 10(-5)-10(-6) M range). A number of 5-substituted beta-anomers, and some related alpha-anomers, that were evaluated using a wide variety of antiviral assay systems [HSV-1, HSV-2, varicella-zoster virus (VZV), vaccinia virus, vesicular stomatitis, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and human immunodeficiency (HIV-1, HIV-2) viruses], showed that this class of unnatural C-aryl nucleoside mimics are inactive antiviral agents.
ISSN: 1525-7770
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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