Title: Selection of HSV-1 TK gene-transfected murine mammary carcinoma cells resistant to (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (BVDU) and ganciclovir (GCV)
Authors: Degrève, B ×
De Clercq, Erik
Balzarini, Jan #
Issue Date: Sep-2000
Publisher: Macmillan Press Ltd.
Series Title: Gene Therapy vol:7 issue:18 pages:1543-1552
Abstract: We evaluated the molecular mechanism of resistance in herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) thymidine kinase (TK) gene-transfected murine mammary carcinoma (FM3ATK-/HSV-1 TK+) cells, that were selected for resistance against (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (BVDU) and ganciclovir (GCV) by prolonged exposure of the cell cultures to dose-escalating concentrations of these compounds. Drug-resistant FM3ATK-/HSV-1 TK+ cells showed marked differences in their sensitivity spectrum to a series of antiherpetic nucleoside analogues. BVDU-resistant FM3ATK-/HSV-1 TK+ cells displayed the same sensitivity profile as wild-type FM3A/0 cells. In contrast, GCV-resistant FM3ATK-/HSV-1 TK+ cells were still sensitive to BVDU, (E)5-(2-iodovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (IVDU) and (E)-5-(2bromovinyl)-2'-deoxycytidine (BVDC), a typical feature of FM3A TK cells lacking cytosolic TK. Southern blot and PCR analysis revealed that HSV-1 TK genes were not deleted from the genome of the drug-resistant FM3ATK-/HSV-1 TK+ cells. However, the TK genes in drug-resistant FM3ATK-/HSV-1 TK+ cells were shown to be heavily methylated. Accordingly, RT-PCR demonstrated the complete abrogation of TK mRNA production resulting in a complete loss of TK enzyme activity in drug-resistant FM3A TK-/HSV-1 TK+ cells.
ISSN: 0969-7128
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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