Title: Novel 3'-spiro nucleoside analogues of TSAO-T. Part II. A comparative study based on NMR conformational analysis in solution and theoretical calculations
Authors: Alvarez, R ×
Jimeno, M L
Gago, F
Balzarini, Jan
Pérez-Pérez, M J
Camarasa, M J #
Issue Date: Jul-1998
Series Title: Antiviral chemistry & chemotherapy vol:9 issue:4 pages:333-40
Abstract: The structures of two novel 3'-spiro nucleosides analogues of the potent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse trancriptase (RT) inhibitor TSAO-m3T, in solution, as derived from NMR spectroscopy are described. In these TSAO analogues the spiro amino oxathioledioxide moiety has been replaced by spiro amino oxazolone or spiro amino oxathiazoledioxide moieties. A comparative study based on theoretical calculations of the hydrophobicity, the solvation free energies and molecular electrostatic potentials (MEP) of the three compounds is also described. No significant conformational differences were detected in solution between TSAO-m3T and its analogues that might account for the differences observed in their inhibitory activity against HIV-1 RT. The calculated hydrophobicity (log P) values, dipole moments and the electrostatic contributions to the solvation free energies of the three spiro ring systems were also similar. However, the differences found in the calculated MEPs of the spiro systems between TSAO-m3T and its analogues suggest that the different electrostatic surroundings of the 4"-amino group of the spiro moiety in the analogues may be responsible for a detrimental electrostatic interaction of the spiro rings with the Glu-B138 of RT.
ISSN: 0956-3202
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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