Title: Outbreak of trichinellosis related to eating imported wild boar meat, Belgium, 2014
Authors: Messiaen, Peter ×
Forier, Annemie
Vanderschueren, Steven
Theunissen, Caroline
Nijs, Jochen
Van Esbroeck, Marjan
Bottieau, Emmanuel
De Schrijver, Koen
Gyssens, Inge C
Cartuyvels, Reinoud
Dorny, Pierre
van der Hilst, Jeroen
Blockmans, Daniel Engelbert #
Issue Date: Sep-2016
Publisher: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Controle
Series Title: Eurosurveillance vol:21 issue:37 pages:2-9
Article number: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.37.30341
Abstract: Trichinellosis is a rare parasitic zoonosis caused by Trichinella following ingestion of raw or undercooked meat containing Trichinella larvae. In the past five years, there has been a sharp decrease in human trichinellosis incidence rates in the European Union due to better practices in rearing domestic animals and control measures in slaughterhouses. In November 2014, a large outbreak of trichinellosis occurred in Belgium, related to the consumption of imported wild boar meat. After a swift local public health response, 16 cases were identified and diagnosed with trichinellosis. Of the 16 cases, six were female. The diagnosis was confirmed by serology or the presence of larvae in the patients' muscle biopsies by histology and/or PCR. The ensuing investigation traced the wild boar meat back to Spain. Several batches of imported wild boar meat were recalled but tested negative. The public health investigation allowed us to identify clustered undiagnosed cases. Early warning alerts and a coordinated response remain indispensable at a European level.
ISSN: 1560-7917
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Interdepartmental Platform Hospital Care
Laboratory for Clinical Infectious and Inflammatory Disorders
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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