Title: Relationship between tumor biomarkers and efficacy in TH3RESA, a phase III study of trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) vs. treatment of physician's choice in previously treated HER2-positive advanced breast cancer
Authors: Kim, Sung-Bae ×
Wildiers, Hans
Krop, Ian E
Smitt, Melanie
Yu, Ron
Lysbet de Haas, Sanne
Gonzalez-Martin, Antonio #
Issue Date: Nov-2016
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
Series Title: International Journal of Cancer vol:139 issue:10 pages:2336-2342
Article number: 10.1002/ijc.30276
Abstract: In the phase III TH3RESA study (NCT01419197), 602 patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer who received prior taxane therapy and ≥2 HER2-directed regimens, including trastuzumab and lapatinib (advanced setting), were randomized to trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) or treatment of physician's choice (TPC). A statistically significant progression-free survival (PFS) benefit favoring T-DM1 was demonstrated. Here, we examine the relationship between HER2-related biomarkers and PFS in an exploratory analysis. Biomarkers assessed included HER2 (n = 505) and HER3 (n = 505) mRNA expression, PIK3CA mutation status (n = 410) and PTEN protein expression (n = 358). For biomarkers with continuous data (HER2, HER3, PTEN), subgroups were defined using median values (>median and ≤median). For all biomarker subgroups, median PFS was longer with T-DM1 vs. TPC. The PFS benefit favoring T-DM1 vs. TPC was numerically greater in the HER2 mRNA >median subgroup (7.2 vs. 3.4 months; unstratified hazard ratio [HR], 0.40; 95% CI, 0.28-0.59; p < 0.0001) vs. ≤median subgroup (5.5 vs. 3.9 months; HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.49-0.92; p = 0.0131). The PFS benefit with T-DM1 was similar among HER3, PIK3CA and PTEN subgroups. Consistent with other reports, benefit was seen with T-DM1 regardless of PIK3CA mutation status. In a multivariate analysis including an interaction term (treatment group by log2-transformed HER2 mRNA), patients with higher HER2 mRNA levels benefited more from receiving T-DM1 (HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.75-0.94; interaction p value = 0.0027). In summary, T-DM1 prolonged median PFS in all biomarker subgroups analyzed, including activating PIK3CA mutations, with numerically greater benefit in patients with tumors expressing HER2 mRNA >median vs. ≤median.
ISSN: 0020-7136
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Experimental Oncology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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